Presenting Problems in Cardiovascular Disease

Digging Deeper Into Cardiovascular Collapse

Cardiovascular diseases and their treatment makes them an integral part of health sciences. In fact, if you are opting for cardiothoracic surgery as your future domain, then you must know it is tougher but worthy of specializing. Even if you are a medical student at the undergraduate level, you must have knowledge of the basic concepts in cardiovascular studies. You often hear about cardiovascular collapse. However, cardiovascular collapse is not a single event. It represents a severe condition in which your heart stops doing its normal functions. You can call it acute dysfunction. Also, if the peripheral vasculature undergoes acute dysfunction, then the result is cardiovascular collapse.

Are you curious about the events happening after acute dysfunction? Then we must tell you that it leads to cerebral hypoperfusion, and the patient loses his consciousness. Now there are different concepts related to cardiovascular collapse. Sometimes, you may confuse them, for example, cardiac arrest, cardiac arrhythmia, acute disruption of venous return, severe bradycardia, myocardial contractility, etc. In different cases, the patient can survive if the cardiothoracic specialist succeeds in doing effective circulation. However, if he fails in doing spontaneous treatment, then there are chances of cardiac arrest.  

Cardiac arrest is an associated concept with cardiovascular collapse. It is lethal if the cardiothoracic specialist fails in his resuscitation attempts. We are here with this blog to make you understand cardiovascular collapse in a simple way by outlining details of cardiac arrest. We have chosen cardiac arrest because it is the qualifier for cardiovascular collapse. Rather, in many books, you will find cardiovascular collapse and cardiac arrest treated as similar. Therefore, please keep reading to learn about the symptoms, causes, risk factors, and prevention of cardiovascular collapse with relevance to cardiac arrest.

How to Do Distinction In Different Events Associated with Cardiovascular Collapse?

Have you ever wondered how to distinguish between different concepts in cardiology? Well, we must clear your confusion in the differences between:

  • Cardiovascular collapse
  • Heart attack
  • Cardiac arrest
  • Heart Failure

Cardiovascular collapse

The medical ailment in which there is a loss of the adequate flow of blood is cardiovascular collapse. There is a loss of flow to cardiac and other peripheral vascular factors. It requires intervention.

Heart attack

When a patient has a heart attack, there is a blockage in the blood flow towards the heart. It can be due to the presence of a blood clot. Also, the presence of plaque in arteries can lead to a heart attack.

Cardiac arrest

In cardiac arrest, the heart does not beat. In fact, you will need proper medical treatment for restarting it. Often this type of cardiovascular collapse happens due to electrical problems. The heart’s normal rhythm is disrupted and triggers cardiac arrest.

Heart failure

The extreme condition of the heart leading to death is heart failure. In this condition, the muscles of the heart do not pump the required blood. Generally, it is a long-term condition. However, it can also occur suddenly. This is a chronic condition of the heart.

Cardiovascular Collapse & Cardiac Arrest | A Brief Account

Cardiac arrest and sudden cardiac arrest are synonyms. It is a severe condition in which the heart stops functioning. There is a disruption in breathing, and an individual is no more conscious. There is a clear distinction between cardiac arrest and heart attack. However, there are chances that a heart attack gives rise to cardiac arrest. It is because heart attack often causes electrical disturbance.

Cardiac arrest can lead to death in case of the absence of treatment. One of the immediate treatments for cardiac arrest is cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). CPR is known for increasing the chances of one’s survival before the paramedics arrive.

Symptoms of Cardiovascular Collapse

Well, you may be wondering about the sign and symptoms of a sudden cardiac arrest. Keep reading as we dive deeper into the concept of cardiovascular collapse. The symptoms of sudden cardiovascular collapse appearing in the form of sudden cardiac arrest can be several. For example, there is a sudden collapse, absence of pulse, loss of breathing, and becoming unconscious.

In addition to these symptoms, you may see some other symptoms occurring before sudden cardiac arrest. For example, you may observe discomfort in the chest region, weakness, pounding heart, etc. Therefore, you must not overlook such signs and symptoms and seek medical care as soon as possible.

Risk Factors of Cardiovascular Collapse

As mentioned earlier, cardiovascular collapse is not a single event. There is a considerable linkage between other coronary artery diseases (CAD) and the appearance of CVC. Therefore, it is pretty obvious that risk factors of cardiovascular collapse can be the same as those of CAD. These symptoms are as following: 

  • CAD running in families
  • Smoking
  • Diabetes
  • Higher blood pressure
  • Higher cholesterol
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Obesity

In addition to these factors, there can be other risk factors causing a cardiovascular collapse:

  • Earlier episodes of cardiac arrest
  • Any family history of cardiac arrest
  • Any previous events of heart attack
  • Family history of other heart complications
  • Aging
  • Masculine gender
  • Drug usage e.g. cocaine or amphetamines
  • Nutritional unevenness e.g. lower levels of potassium or magnesium in the body
  • Sleep problems
  • Chronic kidney disease (CKD)

Prevent the Unfortunate Cardiovascular Collapse Event

Are you wondering how to prevent the occurrence of such unfortunate conditions? Well, things are not that complicated if you try to take care of them before time. All you have to do is to do minor changes in your daily routine. So, protecting your health with healthier habits is not a difficult task. You must visit your doctor for regular checkups. Such habits will ensure a healthy life and the appearance of any events related to CVC.

Wrapping Up on Cardiovascular Collapse

Cardiovascular collapse is indeed a medical complication. However, in the present era, we see a larger population having this and other related cardiac ailments. The cause and risk factors may vary but to some extent, we can play our role in reducing them. That is why the research in this field is ongoing and giving us new dimensions to learn. We hope this blog post will help you in understanding cardiovascular complications. We will love to see your worthy response in the comment section. Thank you!

Frequently asked questions

Which common cause leads you to sudden cardiac death?

Usually, coronary artery disease (CAD) is considered to be the most common cause leading to sudden cardiac death. In fact, it accounts for 80% of the cases of sudden cardiac deaths.

How can we prevent sudden cardiac death?

Sudden cardiac death is causing massive scale mortality on a global scale. However, it is prevented by taking care of your health on daily basis. You can be protected from it by adopting a healthier lifestyle. You must take good nutrition that includes every essential component. Avoid eating fatty foods. Also, you need to do exercise on daily basis.

Dr Aadarsh Yadav

Dr Adarsh Yadav is a registered medical expert currently is a medical officer at the department of paediatrics at Scheer memorial Adventist hospital, kavre, Nepal. He had been a very well trained medical practitioner, and apart from his medical practice, he had been a member of different health camps organizing blood donation camps in Bangladesh just during his internship.

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