What is Diaphoresis?

What is Diaphoresis?


Diaphoresis is excessive sweating seen in a person but the reason is unknown. It can be an underlying condition or due to various natural processes like menstruation.

The medical term for diaphoresis is excessive, abnormal sweating in regard to environment and movement.  Instead of affecting a part of the human anatomy, it affects your whole body. This is often referred to as secondary hyperhidrosis.

Though hyperhidrosis is thought to be a nervous system condition, it is also linked to abundant sweating.

Sweating is usually limited to select areas of the body, including your hands or feet, with primary hyperhidrosis.

Diaphoresis is generally a sign of a basic condition of health. Certain conditions can endanger life and require urgent health care. Certain drugs can also be caused for diaphoresis

Understanding sweating

In cooling down the body, sweat contributes a lot more than any other human body function. When the temperature of your body is increasing, your system sends your sweat glands signals that release salty fluids. This fluid cools the skin surface and contributes to reducing the core body temperature as sweat is evaporated.

On a hot day or during exercise, it is perfectly natural to sweat. This is the way your body regulates your temperature. Many people sweat when nervous or depressed, or when they have a movement disease or a painting stomach. Some perspire as an inherited characteristic or as they have more sweat glands than others.

One study showed that people who are physically fit start sweating and transpiring during an exercise earlier than usual. The research has also shown that men sweat more than women. Obesity also tends to make the human body sweat more as bigger bodies generate more heat while they are physically active.

Diaphoresis Causes:

There are various reason for diaphoresis.A wide array of disorders, ranging from sleep apnea and anxiety to sepsis and malaria is associated with diaphoresis. Your doctor needs to decide the cause because it is a symptom of so many conditions.

Here are some of the causes related to diaphoresis.

Pregnancy leads to a rise in hormones in your body. Your metabolism accelerates which then increases the temperature of your body. You can sweat more due to this.  Pregnancy also raises weight, which increases body temperature and the probability of sweating.

Unless you have other symptoms including a fever, physical pain, or vomiting, you can rarely get more sweating during your pregnancy.


Many women (85%) experience sweating especially during the night. They also experience hot flashes during menopause. Per menopause is the time after you finish menstruating, just before menopause begins. Fluctuating hormones, such as estrogen, give your brain false signs of overheating of your body. This triggers excess perspiration and night sweats.

If you have severe symptoms during per menopause, you may find relief by taking low-dose menopausal hormone therapy for a short period of time.

Diabetic disease

Sweating is an early sign of low blood sugar or hypoglycemia if you have diabetes. Additional hypoglycemia symptoms include:

  • Anxiety 
  • Shaking and trembling
  • Sleeplessness
  • Vision blurred
  • The voice is slurred

It is vital to rapidly restore your blood sugar levels when you have a hypoglycemic case. Hypoglycemia can be life-threatening without treatment.


The hyperthyroidism is a disease that over activates the thyroid gland and induces too much thyroxin. If this occurs, the metabolism will rise and a series of symptoms will occur. You will feel heavy sweating along with:

  • Stress.
  • Fast heart beat
  • Shaking hands
  • Fear
  • Sleeping trouble
  • Loss of weight

Hyperthyroidism does not require medical attention, however. The first line of therapy for hyperthyroidism is anti-thyroid medicine.

Heart Attack

When the heart’s muscles have been weakened, a heart attack or a myocardial infarction occurs. The oxygen-rich blood does not enter the heart either or both of the coronary arteries due to the blockage. Cardiac attack signs include:

  • Fainting
  • Uncomfortable feeling in the chest 
  • Pain, back, throat, jaw, stomach, or on one or both arms.
  • Breathlessness
  • Nausea or barfing 
  • Pale face

A medical emergency is a must for a heart attack. If you think that you or someone near you has a heart attack, call the local emergency services. Heart attack is life threatening so take action as soon as possible.

Certain cancer forms

Certain forms of cancer are associated with diaphoresis, including:

  • Lymphoma
  • Leukaemia
  • Cancer of the bone
  • Tumours of the carcinoid
  • Cancer of the liver

Excessive sweating can result from a type of cancer or infection.


The allergic reaction to anaphylaxis is serious. You are exposed to a material that you are highly allergic to almost instantly. Anaphylaxis also has other symptoms:

  • Debris
  • Skin being red and itchy
  • Respiratory problems due to airway limitations
  • Speedily drop ping of the blood pressure 
  • Diarrhea or vomiting
  • Loss of awareness

If someone around you is experiencing life-threatening anaphylaxis. Call the nearest emergency care services immediately when you believe that someone has anaphylaxis or if someone shows the symptoms for it.

Sweating frequently takes place as people stop drinking or consuming drugs. Sweating often takes place in withdrawal as a symptom. Additional withdrawal signs can include:

  • Agitation.
  • Shaking
  • Fear
  • Very quick Heart Beat 
  • Blood pressure fluctuation
  • Nausea  
  • Seizures

As such effects can be life-threatening when you start avoiding alcohol or drugs, you should be withdrawn in someone’s guidance. Get assistance from alcohol qualified medical professional.

Some medications on prescription can cause diaphoresis, including:

  • Pain medicines such as Celecoxib, Naproxen, and oxycodone (Roxicodone, Oxide) Pain killers
  • Bacitracin, ciprofloxacin (Cipro) and ribavirin (RibaTab, and Copegus) antibiotics or anti-viral drugs
  • Chemotherapy medications, including leuprolide and tamoxifen (Eligard, Lupron Depot, Lupron Depot-Ped).
  • Antidepressants

Diaphoresis Treatment

Diaphoresis treatments dependon the cause of it.  Sweating can be managed with a clinically-strong antiperspirant in some areas of the body, especially under the arms.

Check for an aluminum chloride which contains 10 to 15 percent of it and one that connects your glands to the skin. The short-term relief can be offered by Onabotulinumtoxina (Botox).

Another remedy imaginable is iontophoresis, a technique that uses a little electric current to minimize sweating temporarily on the hands and feet. Medication like oxybutynin or glycopyrrolate (Robinul or Robinul Forte) can be administered orally for anticholinergic use.


Your view would depend on the underlying cause if you suffer from diaphoresis. Excessive sweating should stop after the triggering factor has been treated.

By making the following lifestyle changes, you will reduce the amount of sweat you excrete:

  •  Wearing natural fabrics like cotton, silk, or linen that can breathe.
  •  Wear layers so that clothing can be removed if needed.
  • Stop wearing tight garments that can cause you to heat up.
  •  Relax with air conditioning and fans in your environment.
  • Recognize and avoid any products that can activate sweating like alcohol, caffeine, and spicy foods.

Mehedi Hasan

Related Posts

Chest pain causes, symptoms, and treatment 

Chest pain causes, symptoms, and treatment 

The Complete Guide to Ache Treatment for Teens and How to Succeed

The Complete Guide to Ache Treatment for Teens and How to Succeed

Digging Deeper Into Cardiovascular Collapse

Digging Deeper Into Cardiovascular Collapse

Heat syncope

Heat syncope